A recent study published in the journal Water, Air, and Soil Pollution and highlighted by The Organic Center has found that dermal exposure to low levels of the common pesticides chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D, and glyphosate resulted in neurotoxicity, oxidative stress and immunological depression in the common toad. Researchers investigated the effects of low-level exposure on toads by exposing their skin to solutions containing low levels of each pesticide. Blood samples were taken from the experimental toads after 48 hours and a number of bio-indicators indicating stress, inflammation, and immune response were quantified. The findings: dermal exposure to all three pesticide formulations had negative health impacts on the toads.
Pesticide absorption negatively affects toads
March 1, 2016 in The Organic Center
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